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(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)
complexadjectiveuk/ˈkɒm.pleks/ /kəmˈpleks/ us/kɑːmˈpleks/ /ˈkɑːm.pleks/

B2 involving a lot of different but related parts由许多相关的不同部分组成的;构造复杂的

a complex molecule/carbohydrate复杂的分子/碳水化合物
a complex network of roads错综复杂的道路网
a complex procedure复杂的程序
The company has a complex organizational structure.公司组织结构非常复杂。

B2 difficult to understand or find an answer to because of having many different parts难懂的,费解的;错综复杂的

It's a very complex issue to which there is no straightforward answer.这个问题错综复杂,没有简单直接的答案。
The film's plot was so complex that I couldn't follow it.这部电影的情节太复杂,我看不懂。

More examples

I find it hard to get my mind round such complex issues.

The structure of this protein is particularly complex.

It is a simple melody with complex harmonies.

The writer has used several complex grammatical constructions.

She always manages to cut through the complex theory and get at the facts.

complex noun [ C ] BUILDING

C1 a large building with various connected rooms or a related group of buildings综合大楼;建筑群

a shopping/sports and leisure complex购物/运动休闲中心
US They live in a large apartment complex.他们住在一幢大型的公寓楼里。

More examples

They're planning to develop the whole site into a shopping complex.

The hotel complex was a honeycomb of rooms and courtyards .

The Council plans to knock the library down and replace it with a hotel complex.

The office complex has an on-site nursery.

They're building a new sports complex on the waterside.

complex noun [ C ] BAD FEELING

C2 a particular anxiety or unconscious fear that a person has, especially as a result of an unpleasant experience that they have had in the past or because they have a low opinion of their own worth(尤指由过去的不快经历或自我评价不高造成的)情结,心理负担,病态心理

an inferiority complex自卑情结
I think he's got a complex about being bald.我觉得他因谢顶而有心理负担。
Don't go on about her weight - you'll give her a complex!别再没完没了地谈她的体重了——你会让她有心理负担的!


1set of buildings一組建築ADJECTIVE | VERB + COMPLEX ADJECTIVEhuge, large, vast巨大的建築群entertainment, holiday, leisure, shopping, sports娛樂中心;度假區;休閒娛樂中心;購物中心;體育中心apartment, factory, hospital, housing, museum, office公寓樓群;廠區;醫院綜合樓;住宅區;博物館樓群;辦公樓群industrial, military工業區;軍事區VERB + COMPLEXbuild修建綜合場所


2mental/emotional problem精神/感情問題ADJECTIVE | VERB + COMPLEX | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEreal, terrible嚴重的/可怕的情結inferiority, superiority自卑感;優越感castration, guilt, Oedipus, persecution閹割情結;負罪感;戀母情結;受迫害妄想症VERB + COMPLEXhave, suffer from有⋯情結;受⋯情結困擾develop, get形成情結Don't nag him about his handwriting or he'll get a complex.別總是指責他的書寫,要不然他一寫字就緊張。give sb令某人產生心理症結PREPOSITIONcomplex about關於⋯的情緒誇大反應She has a complex about her big ears.她總是為自己的兩隻大耳朵感到不安。


VERBS | ADVERB VERBSbe, look, seem, sound複雜;看上去難懂;好像令人費解;聽起來複雜become變得複雜ADVERBextremely, fairly, very, etc.極其/相當/非常複雜enormously, exceedingly, extraordinarily, highly, hugely, immensely, incredibly, infinitely極其/出奇地/特別/高度/非常/無比/令人難以置信地/極度複雜This is a highly complex matter.這件事非常複雜。especially, exceptionally, particularly尤其/異常/特別複雜increasingly越來越複雜relatively相對複雜surprisingly出奇地複雜unnecessarily不必要地複雜technically技術上複雜technically complex surgery技術上複雜的外科手術
complex noun
building (a shopping complex) obsession (a guilt complex)


complex ♦︎ complicated ♦︎ elaborate ♦︎ intricate ♦︎ tortuous ♦︎ involved ♦︎ convoluted ♦︎ tangledThese words all describe sth that has many parts or details and is difficult to understand. 这些词均表示复杂的、难懂的。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配a complex / a complicated / an elaborate / an intricate systema complex / a complicated / an elaborate / an intricate / a convoluted story / plota complex / a complicated / an elaborate / an intricate design / structure / networka complex / a complicated / an intricate / a tangled web / relationshipcomplex / complicated / elaborate machinerya complex / complicated / tortuous processextremely complex / complicated / elaborate / intricate / involvedhighly complex / complicated / elaborate / intricate complex made of many different things or parts that are connected; difficult to understand 复杂的;难懂的;费解的This is a highly complex matter.这是一件非常复杂的事情。The mechanism involves a complex arrangement of rods and cogs.那个机械装置里杆和齿轮的布局很复杂。She managed to put over a fairly complex argument in a brilliantly simple way.她设法用极为简洁的方式将一个相当复杂的论证阐释清楚。OPP simple easy 1 complicated ˈkɒmplɪkeɪtɪd; NAmE ˈkɑːmplɪkeɪtɪdcomplex 复杂的;难懂的;费解的The instructions look very complicated.这些操作指南看起来很难懂。This is where the story gets complicated.事情在这里变得复杂起来。It's all very complicated-but I'll try and explain.尽管这一切都很难理解,但我会尽力解释。OPP uncomplicated , straightforward easy 1 see also complication problem NOTE 辨析 Complex or complicated?In many cases you can use either word. 在许多情况下这两个词可以通用a complex / complicated problem复杂的问题complex / complicated instructions复杂的操作指南 Complicated is used slightly more in conversation and to describe everyday situations. * complicated稍多用于谈话中,描述日常情况I'll send you map of how to get here. It's a bit too complicated to describe.我会把怎么到这里的地图发给你,这说起来有点复杂。 Complex is used slightly more in written English to describe serious, academic, scientific or technical issues. * complex稍多用于书面语,描述严肃的、学术的、科学或技术问题a complex mathematical equation / formula复杂的数学方程式/公式Both words can describe sth that is difficult to understand because of its nature or design. Complicated is often used to describe a situation that has become less simple, more messy and more difficult to understand or deal with over time because of events, changes or problems. 两个词均可指某事物因其性质或设计而难以理解。complicated常用来描述某种情况随着时间的推移,因发生事件、变化或问题而变得不那么简单、更加麻烦、更难以理解或处理。 elaborate ɪˈlæbərət [usually before noun] having a lot of different parts and small details; carefully prepared and organized 复杂而精细的;详尽的;精心制作的The ceiling was tiled in an elaborate pattern.天花板的铺设做得很精致。She had prepared a very elaborate meal.她已经做了一顿精美的饭菜。This elaborate deception fooled his family for ages.这个精心设计的骗局愚弄了他家很长时间。OPP simple easy 1 intricate ˈɪntrɪkət having a lot of different parts and small details that fit together 错综复杂的The building has intricate geometric designs on several of the walls.这一建筑物的几面墙上有复杂的几何图案。It is difficult to describe the intricate network of loyalties and relationships.很难描述这个忠义与人情交织、错综复杂的关系网。 intricately


intricately carved / decorated / patterned精雕细刻的;精心装饰的;构图精美的
tortuous ˈtɔːtʃuəs; NAmE ˈtɔːrtʃuəs [usually before noun] (written, usually disapproving) not simple and direct; long, complicated and difficult to understand 拐弯抹角的;含混不清的;冗长费解的the long, tortuous process of negotiating peace in the region该地区漫长而曲折的和平谈判过程 involved having a lot of different parts or stages and difficult to understand or follow 复杂的;难懂的;费解的Avoid long, involved debates which could be just delaying tactics.避免长时间复杂的辩论,那可能只是拖延战术。OPP straightforward easy 1 convoluted ˈkɒnvəluːtɪd; NAmE ˈkɑːnvəluːtɪd (written, usually disapproving) extremely complicated and difficult to follow, especially more complicated than necessary (过于)错综复杂的,晦涩难懂的The book has a rather convoluted plot.这本书的情节过于错综复杂。 tangled complicated and difficult to understand 复杂的;纠缠不清的The series involves the tangled relationships of two London families.这部系列剧是关于伦敦两个家庭之间错综复杂的关系。He spent the next few days wrestling with very tangled emotions.他接下来的几天全力解决纠缠不清的情感问题。Something which was originally quite simple or straightforward often becomes tangled over time because of changes or problems which together make it more complicated and difficult to understand. * tangled可形容事物起初很简单或易懂,久之因发生各种变化或问题而变得复杂、难以理解。
Complicated and difficult to understand: complicated, difficult, complex...
Groups of buildings: barracks, block, centre...
Psychological processes: catharsis, complex, conditioning...

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