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TOEFL IELTS BNC: 1767 COCA: 1822

motion noun MOVEMENT

C2 [ C or U ] the act or process of moving, or a particular action or movement动;运动;移动

The violent motion of the ship upset his stomach.船的剧烈摇晃使他的胃很不舒服。
He rocked the cradle with a gentle backwards and forwards motion.他轻轻地前后晃动摇篮。
They showed the goal again in slow motion (= at a slower speed so that the action could be more clearly seen).他们用慢动作又播了一遍进球镜头。

[ C ] UK a polite way of referring to the process of getting rid of solid waste from the body, or the waste itself(委婉语)排便;大便,粪便

The nurse asked if her motions were regular.护士问她大便是否正常。

More examples

Onstage she is a human dynamo, spending the hour in perpetual motion.

He gloved the ball, turned, and threw in one motion.

The motion of the car almost lulled her to sleep.

The spaceship's jets were fired periodically to dampen a side-to-side pendulum motion that had developed.

I thought a phone call to the right person might set the wheels in motion.

motion noun SUGGESTION

C2 [ C ] a formal suggestion made, discussed, and voted on at a meeting(会议中正式提出准备表决的)提议,动议

[ + to infinitive ] Someone proposed a motion to increase the membership fee to $500 a year.有人提议将年会费增加至500美元。
The motion was accepted/passed/defeated/rejected.提议被接受/通过/驳倒/否决了。

More examples

Delegates have voted in favour of the motion.

Anyone wishing to dissent from the motion should now raise their hand.

Those voting for the motion, 96, and those voting against, 54.

The motion for tonight's debate is, "This house believes that capital punishment should be abolished."

He proposed a motion that the chairman resign.

to make a signal to someone, usually with your hand or head打手势;点(或摇)头示意

I saw him motion to the man at the door, who quietly left.我看到他向门口的人示意,那人便悄然离开了。
Her family all gathered around her, but she motioned them away.家人都围到她身边,但她示意他们离开。
[ + obj + to infinitive ] He motioned me to sit down.他示意我坐下。
TOEFL IELTS BNC: 1767 COCA: 1822
motion

noun¹

1movement運動ADJECTIVE | VERB + MOTION | MOTION + NOUN | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEsmooth, steady平滑/平穩運動quick, rapid, swift快速運動gentle輕柔的運動circular, rocking, rolling, sliding, swaying, sweeping, twisting環繞運動;晃動;滾動;滑動;擺動;揮動;扭動bending, swinging, throwing, etc.彎曲、搖擺、投擲等運動He made throwing motions with his hands.他雙手做投擲動作。rhythmic有節奏的運動graceful優雅的動作jerky顛簸的運動exaggerated誇張的動作constant, continuous勻速的/連續運動repetitive反複的運動backward, downward, forward, upward向後的/向下的/向前的/向上的運動side-to-side側向運動anticlockwise, clockwise, counterclockwise (NAmE) 逆時針運動;順時針運動perpetual永恆運動the search for the secret of perpetual motion對永恆運動之謎的探求VERB + MOTIONfeel感覺到運動She could feel the rolling motion of the ship under her feet.她能感覺到腳下船在晃動。detect察覺運動make, perform做動作He made little flapping motions with his arms.他做出雙臂輕輕擺動的動作。repeat重複動作mimic, simulate模仿動作;模擬運動reverse逆向運動restrict限制運動Too tight a grip will restrict the natural motion in your hands.抓得太緊會限制雙手的自然運動。MOTION + NOUNdetector, sensor運動探測器/傳感器exercise運動鍛煉After surgery, patients should begin a range of motion exercises for the elbow.手術以後,病人應該開始一系列的肘部運動鍛煉。PREPOSITIONinto motion動起來The insects are stirred into motion by the heat of the sun.火熱的太陽使昆蟲紛紛開始活動起來。in motion運動中Do not open the door when the train is in motion.列車行駛時不要打開車門。PHRASESin a circular, smooth, etc. motion正在進行圓周、平滑等運動set sth in motion使⋯開始運動
motion

noun²

2suggestion提議VERB + MOTION | MOTION + VERB | PHRASES VERB + MOTIONintroduce (especially NAmE) , propose, put (BrE) , put forward (BrE) , table (= present) (BrE) 提出動議;提出動議供討論Only delegates may introduce motions and vote.只有代表可以提出動議並投票表決。The motion was put before the conference.動議被提交大會審議。The board tabled a motion calling for her resignation.董事會提出動議,要求她辭職。debate, discuss就動議展開辯論;討論動議The motion will be debated later today.今天晚些時候將討論這項動議。vote on對動議進行表決be in favour/favor of, second, speak in favour/favor of, support, vote for贊成動議;附議贊成動議;支持動議;對動議投贊成票accept (especially BrE) , adopt, approve, carry, pass接受動議;採納動議;批准動議;通過動議The motion was passed by 165 votes to 78.這項動議以 165 票對 78 票獲得通過。be against, oppose, speak against, vote against反對動議;發言反對動議;投票反對動議defeat, reject否決/拒絕審議動議The motion was defeated by 51 votes to 43.這項動議以 51 票對 43 票被否決。table (= postpone) (NAmE) 擱置動議MOTION + VERBbe carried (BrE) , carry (NAmE) 動議被表決通過;動議通過The motion (was) carried.動議(被)通過了。PHRASESa motion of no confidence (especially BrE) 不信任動議He proposed a motion of no confidence in the government.他提出了對政府的不信任動議。
TOEFL IELTS BNC: 1767 COCA: 1822
motion noun
movement (a rocking motion) proposal (propose a motion) set/put sth in motion introduce verb1

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