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(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)
BNC: 19 COCA: 18
doauxiliary verbuk// /du/ /duː/ us// /du/ /duː/ did, done


A1 used with another verb to form questions and negative sentences, including negative orders, and sometimes in affirmative sentences for reasons of style(与另一动词连用构成疑问句和否定句,包括表示禁止的命令,有时因文体原因亦可用于肯定句)

Where do you work?你在哪里上班?
Why did you do that?你为什么那么做?
Why don't we have lunch together on Friday?我们周五为什么不一起吃午饭呢?
Doesn't Matthew look old these days?这些天马修是不是有些见老?
"Didn't you realize she was deaf?" "No I didn't.""Of course I did."“你没发现她耳聋吗?”“没有。”/“当然发现了。”
Not only did I speak to her, I even got her autograph!我不仅和她说了话,而且还得到了她的亲笔签名。
formal Never did I hear such a terrible noise.我从没听到过如此可怕的噪音。
Don't (you) speak to me like that!(你)别和我这样说话!
UK Don't let's argue about it (= let's not argue about it).这件事我们不要再争了。
formal So quietly did she speak (= she spoke so quietly) that I could scarcely hear her.她说话的声音太小,我几乎听不到。
Little does he know (= he knows nothing about it), but we're flying to Geneva next weekend to celebrate his birthday.他还不知道呢,下周末我们要飞往日内瓦去给他庆祝生日。
"I want two chocolate bars and an ice cream." "Do you now/indeed? (= that is surprising or unreasonable)."“我要两个巧克力棒和一份冰激凌。”“你现在就要/真的要吗?”

A2 used instead of the main verb in questions that are added to the end of a sentence to check information(在用来确认信息的疑问句中代替主要动词)

You met him at our party, didn't you?晚餐会上你和他见过面,对不对?
You don't understand the question, do you?你没理解这个问题,是吗?

used instead of the main verb in questions that are added to the end of a sentence as a way of expressing surprise(在表示惊奇的疑问句中代替主要动词)

So Susannah and May finally got married, did they?苏珊娜和梅终于结婚了,是吗?

More examples

What sort of music do you like dancing to?

"And where do you think you're going?" demanded the police officer.

Please don't disturb Georgina when she's working.

How much do you earn, if you don't mind me asking?

Parking restrictions do not extend to disabled people.

do auxiliary verb TO AVOID REPEATING

B1 used to avoid repeating a verb or verb phrase(用于避免动词或动词短语的重复)

She runs much faster than he does.她跑得比他快多了。
Maria looks much healthier than she did.玛丽亚看起来比过去健康了许多。
"I don't like intense heat." "Neither/Nor do I."“我不喜欢酷热的天气。”“我也是。”
"I hate intense heat." "So do I."“我讨厌炎热的天气。”“我也是。”
"You left your umbrella." "So I did. I'm so forgetful these days."“你忘了拿雨伞。”“还真是,这些天我有些健忘。”
UK "Would you mind tidying up the kitchen?" "I already have done."“你介意收拾一下厨房吗?”“我已经收拾过了。”
"May I join you?" "Please do!"“我可以加入你们吗?”“请吧!”
"Who said that?" "I did."“谁说的?”“我。”
"Tilly speaks fluent Japanese." "Does she really?"“蒂丽日语说得很流利。”“真的吗?”
"I thought I'd take a day off school today." "Oh no you don't (= I'm not going to let you do that)!"“我本想今天请一天假不上学了。”“哦,那可不行!”

More examples

I'm all for sexual equality, but I don't want my wife earning more than I do.

The government has failed to raise educational standards, despite its promise to do so.

Please don't get involved with him. You'll regret it if you do.

Don't mix up the bottles - you'll have to repeat the experiment if you do.

On average, people who don't smoke are healthier than people who do.

do auxiliary verb FOR EMPHASIS

B2 [ + infinitive without to ] used to give extra force to the main verb(用于强调主要动词)

"Can I buy stamps here?" "Well, we do sell them, but we don't have any at the moment."“我能在这儿买些邮票吗?”“我们这里确实卖邮票,但现在没货。”
UK Do shut up, Georgia, and get on with your homework.赶快闭嘴吧,乔治娅,赶紧写作业吧。
UK Do write and let me know how you're getting on.务必写信告诉我你的情况。
UK He cooks a lot does Alex. He does far more than me.亚历克斯常做饭,他比我做的次数多得多。

More examples

Although I cherish my children, I do allow them their independence.

I do like her - after all, she is my sister.

If you see James, do convey my apologies to him.

Oh darling, I do love you.

If ever you're in Cambridge, do give me a ring.

doverbuk// /du/ /duː/ us// /du/ /duː/ did, done

do verb PERFORM

A1 [ T ] to perform, take part in, or achieve something做;履行;执行

That was a really stupid thing to do.那么做真是太愚蠢了。
What are you doing over the weekend?这周末你准备干什么?
The only thing we can do now is wait and see what happens.我们现在唯一能做的就是坐观事态发展。
UK Why were you sent to see the headmaster? What have you done now?为什么让你去见校长?你又干了什么事?
US Why were you sent to the principal's office? What did you do now?为什么让你去见校长?你又干了什么事?
You should be able to do it by yourself/on your own.你自己应该能做到。
UK What have you done (= made happen) to her?你对她都做了些什么?
US What did you do (= make happen) to her?你对她都做了些什么?
What (on earth) were you doing in the library (= why were you there) at two o'clock in the morning?凌晨两点钟你(到底)在图书馆做什么?
What are these toys doing here? (= Why are they here?)这些玩具放在这里做什么?
What do you do (for a living)? (= What is your job?)你做什么工作?
What can I do for you? (= How can I help you?)我能为您做些什么?
UK What have you done with (= where have you put) my coat?你把我的外套弄哪儿去了?
US What did you do with (= where did you put) my coat?你把我的外套弄哪儿去了?
She just hasn't known what to do with herself (= how to keep herself busy) since she retired.自从退休以后,她一直都不知道该干些什么。
do sth about sth

to take action to deal with something对…采取行动

It's a global problem - what can individuals do about it?这是全球性的问题——个人能为此做些什么?
do well/badly by sb formal

to treat someone well or badly对…招待周全/不周

More examples

The work that the students do during the year will count towards their final degrees.

My boss wants me to do a day-release course in computing.

She has to do a lot of driving in her job.

They've always encouraged me in everything I've wanted to do.

I do a few stretches every morning to loosen up before I run.

do verb ACT

[ I or T ] to act or take action行动,采取行动

Stop arguing with me, Daryl, and do as you're told!别再和我争辩了,达里尔,让你干什么你就干什么!
She told me not to ask any questions, just to do as she did.她让我不要问任何问题,只管像她那样去干就行了。
"Was it wrong of me to go to the police?" "Oh no, I'm sure you did right/did the right thing."“我去找警察不对吗?”“哦,不,我肯定你干的没错。”
You'd do well to take some professional advice on this matter.在这件事上听听专业人士的意见会大有裨益。

More examples

Should the government do more to help young couples buy their own homes?

I wish you'd do something about your bedroom - it's a real mess.

He would never do anything to endanger the lives of his children.

Just do whatever you think fit - I'm sure you'll make the right decision.

I'm not happy with the situation but, you know, there isn't much I can do about it.


to do with

B2 connected with与…相关

"Why did you want to talk to me?" "Well, it's to do with a complaint that's been made about your work."“为什么你要跟我谈话?”“因为这涉及到一起对你工作的投诉。”
"But I didn't have any money." "What does that have to do with it? You still shouldn't have taken my wallet without asking me."“可是我没有钱了。”“那和这件事有什么关系?你还是不应该不打招呼就把我的钱包拿走呀。”
She refused to have anything (more) to do with him after he was arrested for drinking and driving.自从他因酒后驾车被捕后,她就拒绝与他(再)有任何联系。
"I thought I should tell you I saw your son smoking today." "Mind your own business! What my son does has nothing to do with you!"我今天看见你儿子抽烟了,我觉得应该把这件事告诉你。”“你还是管好自己的事吧!我儿子做什么和你一点关系都没有!”

do verb DEAL WITH

A1 [ T ] to deal with or be responsible for something处理;对…负责

Lucia is going to do the publicity for the school play.露西娅将负责这部校园剧的宣传工作。
If they ask any awkward questions, just let me do the talking.一旦他们提出棘手的问题,就让我来负责回答。

More examples

I find it convenient to be able to do my banking by phone.

I've got enough work to do at the moment, without being given any more.

Why should I have to do all the cleaning? It's not fair!

"I'll do the cooking, " he offered.

It's a big garden, but we do all the gardening ourselves .

do verb STUDY

A1 [ T ] UK to study a subject研究,学习,读(专业)

Diane did anthropology at university.黛安娜在大学读的是人类学。

More examples

"What degree did you do at York?" "Geography."

Tim did a three-year course in linguistics at Newcastle.

She did English literature at St Andrews before going abroad to teach.

Richard did engineering at Manchester University.

This problem should be easy enough for someone who's done physics at A level.

do verb SOLVE

[ T ] to solve or find the answer to something解决;解答;回答

to do a puzzle玩智力游戏
I've never been able to do crosswords.我从来不会玩填字游戏。

More examples

I do the Times crossword every morning.

When you finish doing the crossword, the solution is on the back page.

We spent all evening doing a 1000-piece jigsaw.

It rained for the entire holiday so they just stayed in and did jigsaws all week.

I remember how much I hated doing sums when I was at school.

do verb MAKE

A2 [ T ] to make, produce, or create something制作,生产,创作

I can't go out tonight - I've got to do my history paper.今晚我不能出去——我得把历史课的论文写出来。
[ + two objects ] UK Can you do me 20 photocopies of this report/do 20 photocopies of this report for me?你能把这份报告给我复印20份吗?

More examples

He's upstairs doing his homework, believe it or not.

I've been doing some research on our family history and I've dug up some interesting information.

Please don't disturb Georgina - she's trying to do her homework.

In our third year at college everyone had to do a special project.

He's done some lovely watercolours.

do verb FINISH

UK [ I ] If you say that you have done with something or someone, or have done performing a particular action, you mean that you have finished what you were doing with something or someone, or what you were saying to someone, or that you have finished the action.结束,完成

Have you done with those scissors yet?你用完剪刀了吗?
Where are you going? I haven't done with you yet (= I am still talking to you).你去哪儿?我跟你还没说完呢。
[ + -ing verb ] I haven't done talking to you yet.我跟你还没说完呢。


B1 [ I or T ] to clean something, or make something look neat and attractive打扫,清洁;整理;装饰

I cooked the dinner so you can do (= wash) the dishes.我做了晚饭,所以你来洗碗吧。
do your hair/make-up/nails做头发/化妆/修指甲
UK I want to do (= clean) the living room this afternoon.今天下午我要打扫一下客厅。

More examples

I'll do your washing for you this time, but I'm not going to make a practice of it.

Have you done the dishes?

I like the way you've had your hair done.

"I'll do the kitchen if you clean the car." "OK, it's a bargain."

Just put the dirty dishes in the washing-up bowl, and I'll do them later.

do verb ARRANGE

[ T ] mainly UK to arrange something安排,排列,安放

You've done those flowers beautifully.你把那些花儿插得真漂亮。
Can anyone here do (= tie) bow-ties?这里有人会打领结吗?

More examples

Where did you have your hair done?

Give me a couple of minutes while I do my hair.

Who did the flowers for the wedding? They're beautiful!

Now come on, you're old enough to do your own shoelaces, Carlo.

Who did your tie for you? It's not straight.

do verb TRAVEL

[ T ] to travel a particular distance or to travel at a particular speed行进过(一段路程);以…速度行进

It's an old car and it's done over 80,000 miles.这是一辆旧车,已经跑了8万多英里。
My new car does 50 miles to the gallon (= uses one gallon of fuel to travel 50 miles)我的新车1加仑汽油能跑50英里。
He was caught doing 80 miles an hour.他以每小時80英里的速度行驶,被抓住了。

[ T ] to complete a journey完成(一段旅程)

We did the journey to Boston in five hours.我们用5小时走完了到波士顿的路程。

More examples

My car only does about 60 mph, even when it's going flat out.

We were doing 90mph, so that other car that passed us must have been really travelling!


C1 [ I or T ] mainly UK to be acceptable, suitable, or enough可以接受;适合;够用

Will this room do or would you prefer one with a shower?这个房间行吗?还是你想要个带淋浴的房间?
This kind of behaviour just won't do.这种行为根本不能接受。
[ + to infinitive ] It doesn't do to criticize your parents.不可以批评父母。
I don't have any grapefruit juice, but I've got some orange juice. Will that do (you)?我没有葡萄柚汁,但有一些橙汁。(你)要吗?
"Is that enough potato, or would you like some more?" "That'll do (= be enough for) me, thanks."“那些土豆够吗?你还要吗?”“我要那些就够了,谢谢。”

More examples

Have you got any ID? A driving licence or cheque card will do.

You don't need to dress up just to go to the pub - jeans and a T-shirt will do.

"Would you like the metal or plastic one?" "Either will do."

"More peas?" "No, that'll do, thank you."

That'll do nicely, thank you.


[ T ] to provide or sell something, or to cause someone to have something提供;销售;供给

They are doing a special offer - three for the price of two.现在他们正在搞特价优惠,花两件的价钱可以买三件。
Do you do travel insurance as well as flights?除了飞行以外你们提供旅游保险吗?
The bar only does food at lunchtimes, not in the evenings.这家酒馆只在午饭时提供食物,晚饭时没有。

More examples

They do really good food at that restaurant and it's not very expensive either.

They do really good grub in our local.

The shop round the corner does shoe repairs very cheaply.

The restaurant does a set lunch on Sundays.

They're doing a great deal on wine at the local supermarket.

do verb COOK

[ T ] to cook or prepare food做(饭),烹制,准备(食物)

Who's doing the food for your party?谁为你的聚会准备食品?
[ + two objects ] UK I'll do you some scrambled eggs.我来给你做点炒鸡蛋。

More examples

I was thinking of doing a meal along the lines of that dinner I did for Annie and Dave.

I did mostly vegetarian food but put a couple of meat dishes out for the carnivores.

The fish was done to perfection.

I've just bought a deep-fat fryer for doing chips.

I did the dinner so you can do the dishes.

do verb MANAGE

B1 [ I usually + adverb ] to develop or continue with the stated amount of success进展;继续保持;设法做到

How is Mary doing in her new job/school?玛丽在新的工作岗位上干得/在新学校里学得怎么样?
Both the new mother and her baby are doing very well.产妇和新生儿目前都状况良好。
Are your roses doing all right this year?今年你的玫瑰长得好吗?
Many small businesses are doing badly because of the economic situation.由于目前的经济形势,很多小企业都处于惨淡经营的状态。
I did pretty well when I traded in my car - they gave me a good price for it.我折旧贴换新车的交易很划算——他们给我的旧车出了个好价钱。
Alexa has done well for herself (= has achieved great personal success), getting such a highly paid job.亚历克莎得到这样一份高薪的工作,干得真不错。

More examples

I wouldn't say she's rich, but she's doing all right.

You're doing really well - don't lose heart now.

I was doing really well with my diet, but I'm afraid I've let it slide recently.

The whole nation was force-fed government propaganda about how well the country was doing.

They're doing fantastically well this season.

do verb PLAY

[ T ] to perform a play or to play the part of a character演出;扮演

The children are doing a play at the end of term.期末孩子们要演一出剧。
She's done all the important Shakespearean roles except for Lady Macbeth.她扮演过莎士比亚戏剧中除麦克白夫人以外的所有重要角色。
I hope she doesn't do a Helen (= do what Helen did) and get divorced six months after her wedding.我希望她不要像海伦那样结婚6个月就离婚。

do verb VISIT

[ T ] informal to visit the interesting places in a town or country, or to look around an interesting place参观,游览

We didn't get to do Nice when we were in France.我们在法国时没能去尼斯游览。

do verb STEAL

[ T ] UK informal to enter a building illegally and steal from it(入室)盗窃,偷盗

Our house was done while we were away.我们外出时家中失窃了。

do verb CHEAT

[ T ] UK informal to cheat someone欺骗,欺诈;骗取

$50 for that old bike! You've been done!那辆旧自行车花了50美元!你上当了!
He did me for a thousand quid for that car.他那辆汽车骗了我1000英镑。

do verb PRISON

[ T ] informal to spend time in prison服刑,坐牢

He did three years for his part in the robbery.他因参与抢劫坐了3年牢。
If you're not careful you'll end up doing time again.如果不小心你还会再进监狱。

do verb PUNISH

[ T ] mainly UK informal to punish someone惩罚,处罚

If you mess with me again, I'll do you good and proper.你如果再跟我捣乱,我可要好好治治你了。
I got done (= stopped by the police) for speeding on my way home last night.昨晚回家时,我超速驾驶被警察截住了。

do verb TAKE DRUG

[ T ] informal to take an illegal drug服用(毒品),吸(毒)

How long have you been doing heroin?你服用海洛因有多久了?
I don't do drugs.我不吸毒。

do verb HAPPEN

be doing UK informal

to be happening发生

This town is so boring in the evening - there's never anything doing.晚上这座城镇很无聊——从来都没有什么事情发生。
donoun [ C ]uk/duː/ us/duː/ plural dos

do noun [ C ] TREATMENT

UK informal a way of treating people对待,待人

There are no special privileges for the managers - we believe in fair dos all round (= equal treatment for everyone) in this company.经理没有任何特权——在这家公司里我们讲究人人平等。
It's a poor do (= a bad/unfair situation) when a so-called developed country can't even provide homes for all its citizens.一个所谓的发达国家竟然无法为所有国民提供住所,这太糟糕了。

do noun [ C ] PARTY

mainly UK informal a party or other social event聚会,社交活动

Colin's having a bit of a do for his 50th birthday.科林过50岁生日的时候要办个小聚会。
It was one of those dos where nobody really knew each other.那是一次来宾们相互都不认识的社交活动。

do noun [ C ] HAIR

US a hairdo (同hairdo)

donoun [ S ]also doh uk/dəʊ/ us/doʊ/

the first note of the sol-fa musical scale哆(大调音阶的第一个音)

Would you sing me a do, please?请给我唱下哆音好吗?
BNC: 19 COCA: 18
BNC: 19 COCA: 18
do verb
do1 (do some research) do2 (do well at school) behave (Do as you're told.) go2 (do thousands of miles) learn (do biology/Shakespeare) make1 (do a drawing) play3 (do ‘Hamlet’) pose (do an Irish accent) solve2 (do a puzzle/sum) stay2 (do Tokyo in three days) take9 (do drugs) do something act have/be to do with sth apply2 be done finish


do the washing/some research 洗衣服;做研究do well at school 在学校学习好do ♦︎ carry sth out ♦︎ conduct ♦︎ undertake ♦︎ perform ♦︎ implement ♦︎ commit ♦︎ practise ♦︎ go through sthThese words all mean to work at an activity or task. 这些词均表示从事、执行、操作。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to do / carry out / conduct / undertake / perform the workto do / carry out / conduct / undertake / perform a / an activity / analysis / investigation / review / assessment / evaluationto do / carry out / conduct / undertake businessto do / carry out / conduct / perform / go through a testto do / carry out / undertake / perform a task / jobto do / carry out / perform / go through a manoeuvreto do / carry out / perform / practise surgeryto do / carry out / implement a plan / policy / strategyto do / carry out / conduct / undertake / perform / implement sth effectively / efficiently / properly / successfullyto do / conduct / perform / implement sth well / poorly do (does, did, done) [transitive] to work at an activity, task or job 从事(工作);进行(活动);执行(任务)I do aerobics once a week.我每周做一次有氧健身运动。I'm doing some research on the subject.我正就这一课题进行研究。I have a number of things to do today.我今天有几件事要做。What do you do (= what is your job)?你是做什么工作的?What did she do for a living?她过去以什么谋生? Do is often used to refer to actions that you do not mention by name or do not know about. * do常指做一些没有言明或不甚了解的事情What are you doing this evening?今晚你打算做什么?There's nothing to do (= no means of passing the time in an enjoyable way) in this place.这地方没什么好玩的。The company ought to do something about the poor service.这公司应该采取点措施解决服务差的问题。There's nothing we can do about it (= we can't change the situation).我们对此毫无办法。What can I do for you (= how can I help)?我能为您做点什么? Do is often used with nouns for activities or tasks such as shopping or cleaning. * do常与表示活动或工作的名词如shopping或cleaning连用 (BrE) I like listening to the radio when I'm doing the ironing.我喜欢边熨衣服边听收音机。She did a lot of acting when she was at college.她上大学时演过很多戏。You could help me by doing (= washing) the dishes.你可以帮我洗碗。I like the way you've done your hair.我喜欢你梳的发式。 ˌcarry sth ˈout

phrasal verb

(rather formal) to do and complete a task or action 执行,完成(任务);开展(活动)We carry out routine maintenance of the equipment.我们对设备进行日常维护。The company has just carried out a major cost-cutting exercise.这家公司刚刚实行了一次重要的削减成本举措。The pilot has to carry out a series of complex manoeuvres.飞行员必须完成一系列复杂的机动动作。The massacre was carried out by enemy troops.那次大屠杀是敌军干的。Carry out is used to talk about work, tasks or crimes; but even in the case of crimes, they are often crimes that have been carefully planned or ordered. * carry out指从事工作、任务或犯罪活动,但即使表示从事犯罪活动,也指精心策划或组织的犯罪。 conduct kənˈdʌkt [transitive] (formal) to organize and/or do a particular activity 组织;安排;实施We conducted the experiment under controlled circumstances.我们是在严格控制的情况下进行那次实验的。The negotiations have been conducted in a positive manner.那几次谈判是以一种积极的方式组织安排的。The interrogation was conducted by senior police officers.担任审问工作的是一些高级警官。Conduct is often used with words like enquiry, inquest, interview, interrogation, investigation, survey and study, in which people are trying to get answers to questions. * conduct常与enquiry、inquest、interview、interrogation、investigation、survey和study连用,表示设法给问题找到答案。
undertake ˌʌndəˈteɪk; NAmE ˌʌndərˈteɪk(undertook, undertaken) [transitive] (formal) to make yourself responsible for sth and start doing it 承担;从事;负责The directors of the company refused to undertake such a risky venture.公司董事拒绝承担这样一个高风险的经营项目。A group of enthusiasts has undertaken the reconstruction of a steam locomotive.一群热心者已经承担起一台蒸汽机车的复原工作。Undertake is usually used to talk about an important job that a person or group of people takes responsibility for. * undertake通常指承担或负责重要的工作。 see also undertaking project perform [transitive] (rather formal, especially written) to do sth, such as a piece of work, task or duty 做;履行;执行A computer can perform many tasks at once.电脑能同时做多项工作。She performs an important role in our organization.她在我们的组织中发挥着重要的作用。He performed miracles to get everything ready in time.他及时把一切都准备妥当,创造了奇迹。NOTE 辨析 Carry out or perform? Carry out places emphasis on the amount of work, especially when this lasts a period of time and is done according to a plan. Perform often emphasizes the skill involved. * carry out强调工作的量,尤其是须持续一段时间和按计划完成的工作;perform常强调工作所涉及的技能carry out miracles/an important role perform inquiries/a cost-cutting exercise Carry out, but not perform, can be used to talk about negative actions such as attack, abuse, assault, assassination and killing. * carry out可用于attack、abuse、assault、assassination和killing之类的有害行为,perform则不能。 implement ˈɪmplɪment [transitive] (rather formal) to make sth that has been officially decided start to happen or be used 实施;贯彻;执行We have not yet begun to implement the changes.我们尚未实行这些变革。We are implementing a new system of stock control.我们正在实施一种新的库存管理系统。 commit (-tt-) [transitive] to do sth wrong or illegal 做(错误或非法的事);犯(罪或错等)What leads someone to commit murder?导致人犯谋杀罪的原因是什么?We heard of some of the appalling crimes committed against innocent children.我们听到一些对无辜儿童犯下的骇人听闻的罪行。Commit collocates with crime, offence, atrocity, outrage and sin and some words for different crimes and sins, including murder, assault, robbery, adultery and blasphemy. To commit suicide is to kill yourself deliberately. * commit与crime、offence、atrocity、outrage和sin搭配,也与表示不同罪行或罪过的词如murder、assault、robbery、adultery和blasphemy搭配。commit suicide指自杀。 practise (BrE) (NAmE practice) [transitive] (rather formal) to do sth regularly as part of your normal behaviour 经常做(某事);养成⋯的习惯A lot of couples now practise safe sex.许多夫妻现在实行安全性行为。Do you still practise your religion?你还奉行你的宗教信仰吗?Train yourself to practise self-restraint.对自己进行训练以培养自制力。 see also practice use noun go through sth

phrasal verb

(went, gone)to perform a series of actions; to follow a method or procedure 执行某行动;实行某方法;履行某程序Certain formalities have to be gone through before you can emigrate.必须办理一定的手续方能移居他国。We go through the same old routine every morning.每天早上我们都要做一遍同一套的例行程序。


do the washing/some research 洗衣服;做研究do well at school 在学校学习好do ♦︎ go ♦︎ perform ♦︎ fare ♦︎ get on/alongThese verbs are all used to talk or ask about the success or progress of sb/sth. 这些词均用来询问或谈论事情的进展。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to do / go / perform / fare / get on / get along wellto do / go / perform brilliantly / excellently / badlyto do / perform / fare poorly do (does, did, done) [intransitive] (always used with an adverb or preposition 总是与副词或介词连用) (especially spoken) used to talk or ask about the success or progress of sb/sth (谈论或询问时用)进展,进行How is the business doing?生意好吗?She did well out of (= made a big profit from) the deal.她从这笔交易中赚了不少钱。He's doing very well at school (= his work is good).他在学校里学习很不错。Both mother and baby are doing well (= after the birth of the baby).母子平安。 (informal) How are you doing (= how are you)?你好吗? go (went, gone) [intransitive] (especially spoken) used to talk or ask about the success or progress of sth (事情)进展,进行'How did your interview go?' 'It went very well, thank you.'“你面试的情况如何?”“非常顺利,谢谢。”Did everything go smoothly?一切都顺利吗?How's it going (= is your life enjoyable, successful, etc. at the moment)?近况可好?The way things are going the company will be bankrupt by the end of the year.从事态发展的情况看,到年底这家公司就会破产。NOTE 辨析 Do or go? Do can be used to talk about the progress or success of either a person or a thing; go can only be used to talk about a thing. When you use do to talk about a thing, you are interested in how popular or profitable it is, so do is generally used to talk about the success of sth such as a business or other enterprise. Go is more general, used to describe sth that you experience, such as an event, an interview, a test, or things or life in general. * do可指人或事物的进展与成功,go则仅指事物。用do表示事物的进展时,关注的是受欢迎程度或赢利多少,所以do一般用于谈论生意或业务的成功。go更宽泛些,用于谈论自己经历过的事情,如某一事件,搭配interview、test、things或life等词。 perform [intransitive] (rather formal) used to talk or ask about the success or progress of sb/sth, especially in business, sport or a test 进展,进行(尤用来询问或谈论生意、运动或考试的情况)The company has been performing poorly over the past year.这家公司过去一年业绩欠佳。If Rooney performs (= performs well) then I believe England can win.如果鲁尼发挥得好,我相信英格兰队能够获胜。She performed less well in the second test.她在第二次测验中表现欠佳。 performance


[uncountable, countable] the country's economic performance这个国家的经济状况It was an impressive performance by the French team.那是法国队一次令人叹服的表现。
fare [intransitive] (especially written) used to talk or ask about the success or progress of sb/sth (谈论或询问时用)进展,进行The party fared very badly in the last election.该党上次竞选情况很糟。The North, by and large, has fared better than most regions in avoiding high unemployment figures.总的说来,北部地区在避免出现高失业率方面比大多数地区都好些。NOTE 辨析 Perform or fare? Perform is more active than fare: a person or company that performs well is successful because of what they do; a person or group that fares well is successful, or just lucky, because good things happen to them or the conditions are right for them. Both these words are used to talk about people, groups or organizations, but not events. * perform的主动性比fare强,perform well指个人或公司因自身的努力而业绩突出,fare well指个人或群体取得成功,也可能只是幸运,即好事降临在他们头上或者情况有利于他们。两个词都用于人、群体或组织,不用于事件The interview performed/fared well. ˌget ˈon ˌget aˈlong

phrasal verb

(getting, got, got; NAmE spoken getting, got, gotten) (especially BrE, rather informal) used to talk or ask about the success or progress of sb (谈论或询问某人的情况)进展,进行He's getting on very well at school.他在学校里学习很好。I went to see how they were getting along.我去看了他们的工作进展情况。When get on/along is used with an adverb, it is usually well; it is not common to talk about sb getting on/along badly. The subject of get on/along is usually a person or small group of people in an informal context; it is not used to talk about businesses, organizations or events. * get on/along后接副词时通常接well,一般不说某人get on/along badly。在非正式语境中,get on/along的主语通常是一个人或一小组人,而不是生意、组织或事件。
BNC: 19 COCA: 18

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