🔍 牛津詞典
🔍 朗文詞典
🔍 劍橋詞典 🎯
🔍 柯林斯詞典
🔍 麥美倫詞典
🔍 韋氏詞典

(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)
IELTS BNC: 319 COCA: 333

public adjective PEOPLE

B2 relating to or involving people in general, rather than being limited to a particular group of people公众的,大众的

Public opinion (= the opinions of most people) has turned against him.民意已不再支持他了。
Is it really in the public interest (= useful to people) to publish this information?公布这一消息真的对大众有利吗?
We need to increase public awareness of the disease.我们需要增强公众对这种疾病的认识。
Peaceful demonstrations that do not cause a public nuisance (= do not harm other people) are a fundamental right in any truly democratic country.不会对公众造成任何伤害的和平示威在每一个真正的民主国家都是一种基本权利。
The government has had to bow to public pressure on the issue.在这一问题上,政府不得不在舆论压力下作出让步。
The information only became public after his death.这一消息在他死后才公诸于世。
The results will not be made public (= told to everyone) until tomorrow.结果要到明天才会公布。

More examples

The new tax caused a huge amount of public anger.

She will be making a public appearance, signing copies of her latest novel.

Her speech failed to generate the public support she had been hoping for.

The public mood changed dramatically after the bombing.

The government is trying to restore public confidence in its management of the economy.

public adjective GOVERNMENT

B1 provided by the government from taxes to be available to everyone公立的,公共的

public funds/services/spending公共基金/事业/开支
public buildings公共建筑物
a public library公共图书馆
He is unlikely to hold public office (= have an important job in national or local government).他不太可能担任政府要职。

More examples

In the survey, a majority of people favoured higher taxes and better public services over tax cuts.

The prime minister has announced that public spending will be increased next year.

We must stop public money being misspent in this way.

The new government's policy is to transfer state industries from the public sector to the private sector.

It is illegal for public officials to solicit gifts or money in exchange for favours.

public adjective PLACE

A public place is one where a lot of people are.人很多的

It's too public here - let's go back to my room to talk.这里人太多,我们回我房间说吧。
the public

B1 all ordinary people公众,大众

The public has a right to know about this.公众有权知道这件事。
The palace and its grounds are open to the public (= people can visit) during the summer months.在夏天的几个月里,这座宫殿及其庭院向公众开放。
When will the product be available to the general public (= all ordinary people)?普通大众什么时候能买到这种产品?
Members of the public were asked about their shopping habits.一些公众被问到他们的购物习惯。

More examples

Mass murders hold a gruesome fascination for the public.

Companies publish annual reports to inform the public about the previous year's activities.

The garden in all its glory is now open to the public.

The police are appealing to the public for any information about the missing girl.

The company only supplies its goods to the building trade, not direct to the public.

the group of people who are involved with you or your organization, especially in a business relationship(尤指存在商业关系的)大众

Newspapers publish these outrageous stories because they know what their public wants.报纸刊登这些耸人听闻的报道是因为他们知道读者想要看些什么。
in public

B2 in a place where people can see you公开地,当众

I'd never behave like that in public.我在公共场合绝不会那样。
IELTS BNC: 319 COCA: 333


1the public people in general大眾ADJECTIVE | VERB + THE PUBLIC | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEgeneral公眾VERB + THE PUBLICeducate, inform教育/告知公眾The government was slow to inform the public about the health hazards of asbestos.政府遲遲沒有告知公眾石棉對健康的危害。protect保護民眾serve為民眾服務mislead誤導公眾He accused the administration of deliberately misleading the public on this issue.他指責政府在這個問題上故意誤導公眾。be open to對公眾開放The house is open to the public.這所房子對公眾開放。PREPOSITIONin public公開地He rarely appears in public these days.這些日子他很少公開露面。PHRASESa member of the public公眾的一員


2group of people with sth in common有共同點的一群人ADJECTIVEbook-buying, movie-going, paying, reading, sporting, theatre-going/theater-going, travelling/traveling, viewing, voting, etc.購書群體、電影觀眾、消費群體、讀者群、愛好體育運動的大眾、戲劇觀眾、旅行大眾、電視觀眾、投票群體等Satellite television has provided the viewing public with a wide choice.衞星電視為觀眾提供了許多可供選擇的節目。broader, larger, wider更大的一群人;更廣泛的群體Her work is now available to a wider public.如今有更多人可以接觸到她的作品了。
IELTS BNC: 319 COCA: 333
public adj.
public (the public sector) common (public transport) famous (a public figure) social (public opinion)
public noun
community (the general public) market1 (the viewing public)


public ♦︎ state ♦︎ national ♦︎ federalThese words all describe things connected with the government of a country, especially government spending and services. 这些词均表示政府出资或提供服务的。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配public / state / national / federal authorities / funding / expenditure / investmentpublic / state / federal power / control / regulation / institutions / officials / employees / funds / money / finance / spendingpublic / state education / hospitals / enterprise / ownershipthe public / state sectorthe national / federal government public [only before noun] connected with the government and the services it provides 政府的;政府提供服务的Their tax plans would hit public services.他们的税收计划将对公共服务造成影响。There has been massive investment in public housing.已经在公屋项目上投入巨资。He spent much of his career in public office (= working for the government).他职业生涯的大部分时间在政府部门工作。In the US, Australia, Scotland and some other countries a public school is a free local school paid for by the government; in England this is called a state school. In Britain, especially England, a public school is a private school for young people between the ages of 13 and 18, who often live at the school while they are studying, and whose parents pay for their education. A public company or public limited company (in British English) or public corporation (in American English) is also not owned by the government, but a company that sells shares in itself to the public. However, in British English a public corporation is an organization that is owned by the government and that provides a national service. 在美国、澳大利亚、苏格兰和其他一些国家,public school是由政府拨款的地方免费学校,这类学校在英格兰称为state school。在英国,尤其是英格兰,public school是招收13至18岁学生的私立学校,常为寄宿学校,学费由父母承担。英式英语中的public company或public limited company,和美式英语中的public corporation都不是国有企业,而是向公众出售公司股份的上市公司。但是在英式英语中,public corporation是国有企业,提供公共服务。 OPP private A private service or institution is owned or managed by an individual person or an independent company rather than by the government. * private指服务或机构是私有或私营的private companies / schools私营公司;私立学校a programme to return many of the state companies to private ownership国有企业私有化的计划 publicly


a publicly owned company上市公司
state [only before noun] provided or controlled by the government 国家提供(或控制)的The law applies only to schools within the state system.这条法规只适用于公办学校。There needs to be an increase in the basic state pension.由政府拨款的基本养老金需要增加。Many local families are dependent on state benefits (= in Britain, government money given to people who are poor).当地许多家庭靠政府的救济金生活。OPP private see also state country 1 national [usually before noun] owned, controlled or financially supported by the government 国有的;国立的;国营的The collection is housed at the national museum.这批收藏品保存在国家博物馆里。The Romanian national airline has ordered seven of the new aircraft.罗马尼亚国家航空公司已经订购了七架这种新飞机。 federal ˈfedərəl connected with national government rather than the local government of an individual state 联邦政府的On 15th February a federal judge ruled in their favour.2月15日联邦法官判他们胜诉。We will continue federal funding for the arts.我们将继续对艺术给予联邦政府拨款。Federal is used about countries, especially the US, which have a system of government in which the individual states of a country have control over their own affairs, but are controlled by a central government for national decisions. * federal表示“联邦制的”,指某些国家,尤其是美国采用的国家结构形式。在这些国家,各州掌管自己的事务,但全国性的决议则由中央政府即联邦政府掌控。 federally


federally funded health care由联邦政府拨款的医疗保健服务
IELTS BNC: 319 COCA: 333
Describing or involving groups of people: public, collective, tribal...
Relating to or describing government policies: bureaucratic, Congressional, constitutional...
Known and not secret: known, overt, transparent...
General words for person or people: person, people, human...

👨🏻‍🏫 Mr. Ng 劍橋詞典 📚 – cambridge.mister5️⃣.net
📈 次瀏覽